I can never remember which of those pesky Service Applications support cross-farm publishing (federation), which ones can be partitioned, and so on. So here's a handy table to cut out and keep, showing each one and what it can do.
In order to create a neat, compact table I have had to make up some abbreviated headings. So 'Cache' means the data is cached somewhere, 'DB' means it has its own database and 'SKU' indicates the minimum version of SharePoint required for the service application. 'Fed' means that it can be federated to other farms, 'Part' means that it can be used in partitioned mode (multi-tenant) and 'TD' indicates whether the service application stores tenant data.
|Business Data Connectivity||Foundation|
|FAST for SharePoint||Enterprise + FAST|
|Project||Enterprise + Project|
|Security Token Service||Foundation|
|Usage and Health Data Collection||Foundation|